High End Systems, recently acquired by ETC, had some their LED-powered fixtures on display within the Electronic Theatre Controls booth at NAB.
First of note as silence is golden, the SolaFrame Theatre is the industry’s first automated LED luminaire to deliver completely silent operation.
Engineered with no fans, SolaFrame Theatre features a special high-CRI Bright White LED engine. The fixture delivers 15,000 field lumens and features our full-frame shuttering system. SolaFrame Theatre is a natural fit for designers that work in theatres and other venues where fixture noise is simply not acceptable.
Lightweight and compact, the SolaSpot Pro 1000 offers high intensity and a full feature set for complete creative freedom.
A 440-watt Bright White LED engine and specially designed optics allow the SolaSpot 1000 to boldly shine through the crowd, while the cutting edge rotating Animation wheel, fixed gobo and color wheels, CMY/CTO system, iris, frost, prism, and zoom create a cornucopia of lighting effects.
Robe Lighting had a large range of their fixtures at NAB this year for broadcasters who not only need lighting for on-air personalities but for also ambient set and air effects interest.
For fixed fixtures, Robe’s ParFect line in its various flavors are a popular fixture because of their incredibly wide zoom range of 3.8°– 60°. Their PATT range of fixtures have become a must-have for visual interest on sets and tours worldwide.
Moving head fixtures have always been Robe’s forte, and Robe’s DL7S Profile is the first DL range fixture to receive a powerful new 800W version of the LED engine with seven colors for unprecedented smooth, stable and even color mixing and a very high CRI.
The Spiider and Tarrantula fixtures are superbright next generation of LED WashBeam luminaires. Spiider uses 18x 30 Watt and 1x 60 Watt LEDs and combining it with a very efficient 12.5:1 zoom optical system ranging from tight 4° Beam to wide 50° while the Tarrantula is powered by 36x 30W and 1x 60W high powered emitters providing a stunning 20,000 lumen output. The versatile optical system offers an adjustable beam angle, from a tight 4° spot to a super-wide 50° wash, of the highest quality light.
At this year’s NAB, Coemar debuted their new 6-color LEDko FS6 LED light engine and it is a winner. The new LED chip on board includes Red, Green, Blue, White (5600K), and now Lime & Phosphor Corrected Amber. Their goal was to create an all-in-one fixture that could address both Studio and Theatrical markets with the capability of producing intensely saturated colors without sacrificing the output punch of the whites. The purpose behind adding the Lime and PC Amber is to help “beef up” the Red, Green and Yellow parts of the color spectrum as well as adding the ability to produce a high CRI (above 94) throughout the range of whites. Depending on the mode you select, the new LEDko FS6 can be used as a variable white (2700K – 6500K) or an all-in-one, color changing fixture. All LEDkos can be controlled via DMX, RDM or locally at the head.
Also new to the Coemar product line are an LED Spot and Fresnel moving heads. The LEDko TM F6 uses the same 6-color LED light engine as in the LEDko FS6 in addition to all the characteristics you would expect in an intelligent profile fixture: Zoom (13-38 degrees), Internal Framing Shutters, Iris, Frost Filter, and Pan/ Tilt. For the Fresnel crowd, the LEDko TM Fresnel is available in either Tunable Tungsten (2700K – 4100K) or Tunable Daylight (4100K – 6500K), both of which include RGBW LED chips, Green/Magenta manipulation, Proportional Zoom (13-65 degrees), an Internal Barndoor Framing System, and Pan/Tilt. These will be available for sale shortly.
VDO Fatron – 20 is a 20 mm pixel pitch outdoor-rated LED video batten with an extensive range of optical accessories for a wide variety of looks that allows you to play with creativity in 3D stage designs. Easy video-mapping and creative mix ‘n’ match with other Martin LED video products via the P3 System Controller. It uses the same integrated power and data cabling as VDO Sceptron and VDO Dotron. It is supported by integrated power and data processor (P3 PowerPort 1500 or P3 PowerPort 1000 IP) and a simple cabling system. It uses P3/DMX/RDM controllable (automatic protocol detection) and has an extensive range of built-in effects. Fully brightness and color calibrated for optimal consistency between products (colors matched with VDO Sceptron and VDO Dotron).
The unit has 8 different diffuser options plus 1 lens option (all field-exchangeable) and is IP65 rated for outdoor use and available in two lengths: 1000 mm and 320 mm.
Mac Encore Wash – Designed to produce rich color and premium white light in a wide variety of applications where light quality is critical. The feature-packed soft edge moving head comes in two separate color temperatures 3000 K and a 6000 K crisp, neutral daylight. Both have a fully electronic dimmer/shutter control with various dimming curves and tungsten red-shift emulation. Vibrant CMY color mixing with a superior palette of colors ranging from rich, saturated primary colors to light and smooth pastel shades. Variable CTB and CTO filters and 6 interchangeable dichroic filters + open. Fresnel lens: 1:4 zoom precise, silent and fast zoom. Internal barndoor system with two shutter blades and iris. Shutter blades can overlap for full blackout and the entire system rotates +/- 100°. Repeats cues with great precision. Precise and tight iris with adjustable dynamic effects. Animotion™ FX System, internal dimming effect macros for stunning 3D mid-air and projection effects. Super precise and silent pan/tilt movement and positioning due to 3-phase stepper motor technology and absolute position monitoring.
Mac Encore Performance – moving head offers 6000 K neutral daylight. It contains a full color mixing system as well as a fully variable CTO/CTB depending on the model selected. Both include a flat field without color temperature variation during zoom and dimming. Their flicker-free operation is based on an LED driver frequency suitable for all camera applications. Both fixtures create minimal noise by combining convection and forced air cooling with user-selectable output vs. sound level control. Vibrant CMY color mixing with a superior palette of colors ranging from light and smooth pastel shades to rich, saturated primaries can be found on board. Variable CTO, CTB, and 6 interchangeable dichroic filters + open come as standard. 1:4 zoom—precise and fast, silent zoom with auto-linked focus. Four framing shutter blades with individual +/- 30° adjustment and entire system rotation of +/- 55° allow for high-precision cues. Five rotating glass gobos with next to zero focal separation from the framing system. Animation wheel with continuous multi-directional rotation and indexing with a variable angle, speed, and direction. Animotion™ FX System—internal dimming effect macros for stunning 3D mid-air and projection effects. Precise and tight iris with adjustable dynamic effects. A soft frost is included that leaves gobo artwork and framed images visible with a beautiful soft edge. Super precise and silent pan/tilt movement and positioning due to 3-phase stepper motor technology and absolute position monitoring.
Chauvet’s presence at LDI continues to grow with their line of fixtures for both touring and theatrical applications. The Ovation series has been overhauled a bit and there was some excitement regarding their new features on the Ellipsoidal and Fresnel fixtures.
The Ellipsoidals (Ovation- E*****) now have 3 LED versions (260WW, 260CW, and 260 WWIP) that all have a 230 W output that claim to exceed the output of a 750W tungsten source. They are all single source LEDs. They come in Warm White, Cool White and Warm White IP 65 rated.
There was also their new Ovation E-930VW is a high-performance, variable white ellipsoidal style fixture that utilizes a unique 6-color LED system. This fixture projects a bright, beautifully flat field of light in nearly any temperature of white with high CRI and CQS. Each color temperature can be further adjusted for +/- green to perfect the field of light. For times when a splash of color is needed, the fixture can also give you full control of each color of LED as well.
In their Fresnel line, the big news was the Ovation F-915WW. It is a single source, Warm White LED with an output of 230W that is supposed compete with a standard 2K Fresnel’s output. It does have a motorized zoom of 27 to 68 degrees. They also have the multi-source/color LED options with a virtual color wheel that matches popular gel options. (RGBA+Lime)
The last bit of excitement regarding new fixtures would be the Ovation SP-300CW LED follow spot. It is a single source 260W LED that is quiet, and has all the standard options that you would find on a traditional follow spot. I was also told that this would work well up to a 100ft throw distance. The price point is also quite favorable when compared to its competition.
On Chauvet’s video wall side, there were two new video panels at LDI: The F4IP and F3. A high-performance outdoor-rated panel with brilliant SMD, a pixel pitch of 4.8 mm, a refresh rate of 3,840Hz, and high contrast 5,500 NITS, the VIP F4IP displays clear crisp images even in broad daylight, making it well-suited for festival applications. The user-friendly IP65-rated panel features magnetic LED modules for quick and easy installation and maintenance.
The F3 is a 3.9 mm pitch 1 m x 0.5 m LED video panel is equally suited for installations and rentals. Running on the Novastar control protocol, it also features magnetic LED modules that make it easy to install and service. The panels may be mounted directly on a flat wall, thanks to their front-service option.
In moving lights the new Maverick MK Pyxis featured a unique design that includes an outer ring of RGBW LEDs, a powerful zooming center pixel, 360° continuous pan and tilt movement and a host of other performance features, the new fixture produces an seemingly endless array of looks and can fill a variety of roles from beam, to wash, to set piece effect. A built-in virtual gobo wheel with background colors can be used to make the outer ring appear as if it’s spinning. With a combined center pixel and outer ring illuminance of 27,560 lux at 5 meters, the fixture has the output needed for arena applications.
Also in the Maverick series is the new Maverick MK2 Profile, the first profile light in the Maverick series. A 440W LED fixture with a high (90+) CRI, the newest member of the Maverick series has been designed to perform a wide variety of functions in theatrical, house of worship, touring, and event applications. With an illuminance of up to 14,981 lux at five meters and a zoom angle of 14° to 36°, the new fixture has the output needed for large venues and the ability to produce a range of beam sizes. For applications when less output is needed, the fixture has a low-volume “Eco Mode.”
For wash applications there is the Maverick MK3 Wash raises the bar on output, color consistency, and pixel effects. Powered by 27 (40 W) Osram RGBW LEDs, it has the muscle to handle any application, including long throw situations with ease. Pixel mapping effects, built-in color macros and gobos, along with a CTO color mixing option make this powerhouse fixture the complete wash package. Control options include DMX, sACN, Art-Net, Kling-Net or W-DMX.
First up for ADJ is their new video panel option called the Design Series. It is a series of different geometrical video panel options. The DS4 (square), DS4T (triangle), DS4QC (quarter circle) and DS4HC (rectangle) can be easily linked together, rigged and transported. They offer a 4.8mm (0.19”) pixel pitch and brightness of 1200 NITS as well as a wide viewing angle of 160-degrees (horizontal) and 120-degrees (vertical), making them ideal for a wide variety of applications.
Next up we have the MOD Series as ADJ’s latest range of professional LED Pars. Their modular design means that the LEDs can slide back into the casing to create a snoot that eliminates side glare. There is an optional pearl white housing kit also available. This means that LED Par owners can switch between black or white fixtures, depending on the application, without having to hold inventory of two different types of fixture. Offering a beam angle of 17-degrees, each Par is also supplied with a set of three Frost Filters which can be locked into position in front of the LEDs to widen the beam to an angle of 20-degrees, 40-degrees or 60-degrees. The units come in 4 flavors:
MOD QW100 (7 x 15W RGBW LEDs)
MOD QA60 (4 x 15W RGBA LEDs)
MOD HEX100 (7 x 15W RGBWA+UV LEDs)
MOD TW100 (7 x 15W CW/WW/WW/Amber 4-IN-1 variable color temperature white LEDs)
Lastly, there was quite a buzz with their new Vizi CMY300 Moving Head. It is a 300W LED engine ideal for larger venues. It works as a beam, spot and wash fixture with a zoom range from 8 to 46 degrees. A large palette of colors is possible thanks to CMY mixing, as well as two GOBO wheels, two rotating prisms, motorized focus and motorized zoom. It is also built to make GOBO changes, servicing and on-the-road repairs extremely easy.
AC Lighting has also recently acquired the ProLights line, making this Italian based line available in the US. A few highlights from this line include the JETSPOT3, the PIXIEWASH and the PIXIESPOT.
The JETSPOT3 is a High Output 240W LED Spot. It boasts a fixed 20-degree beam angle and a 7000k White LED source. Complete with 2 color wheels, a rotating and static gobo wheel, prism, linear frost, iris, focus and onboard RDM and DMX, it’s sure to be a contender in the US market.
In terms of fixtures and on a smaller scale, there is the PIXIE SPOT and PIXIEWASH. The PIXIESPOT is equipped with a 60W RGBW/FC LED light source. It also offers wireless control through a USB Wi-Fi receiver in combination with Wifibox and the smartphone App SmartColor. With a single gobo wheel with 7 rotating gobos and an effect section equipped with 3f circular prism, this is ideal for a variety of venues.
The PIXIEWASH is a compact LED wash beam with a 6 – 45 degree zoom. With its single 60W LED and it’s small form factor and near silent cooling, it is ideal for low ceiling or noise-sensitive environments.
Delivering up to 9500 lumens and including all of the features of the Inspire and Inspire Mini with twice the output, it is ideal for situations that require the same high quality white and colored lighting with even more output. In addition, it uses some of the innovative core technologies found in other award-winning Chroma-Q products. With fully homogenized color mixing and choice of three different beam spreads (32, 42, and 65), the Inspire XT provides an excellent selection of stunning mixed colors and true whites. It also features energy-efficient LEDs and onboard DMX with theatrical grade dimming.
Bright? Check. Color mixing? Check. 7-40° Zoom? Check. Winner of the Best Hard Edge LED Spot Award? Check. The Axcor 900 is the first Clay Paky spotlight to use a LED light source, instead of a traditional discharge lamp. Thanks to its considerable light output, the Clay Paky Axcor Profile 900 goes straight in at the top of its category and features the best in modern technology in every parameter: the characteristics of the white and colored light it produces, its ability to form perfectly sharp projections, and the precision micro-mechanics of its exclusive beam shaping system.
And to back up the Axcor 900, the K-Eye HCR provides more than enough support. The K-EYE HCRis a LED wash light which provides total control over the quality of all forms of white or colored light. The new HCR technology used in the K-EYE is an exclusive electronic platform developed by Clay Paky in conjunction with Osram to meet the needs of lighting designers all over the world who were not fully satisfied with the performance of LED devices in comparison with traditional lamps, in particular because of their incomplete color range, poor color rendering index and lack of consistency. All these limitations have been overcome in the K-EYE HCR, and it is finally possible to produce every color, every nuance and every shade with satisfactory quality. The heart of the K-EYE HCR wash light is a LED light source consisting of a module with six colors: besides the three “classic” basic red, green and blue colors, Clay Paky has added amber, cyan and lime. This exclusive Clay Paky device provides a very wide color range with excellent color spectrum coverage.
New to the Philips Entertainment stand this year were some additions to the Vari*Lite line that included the VL 1100 LED delivers high-quality light and consistent color reproduction, making it a true alternative to the traditional tungsten source in a moving head fixture.
The 127 LED array and engine delivers a CRI of over 91 and has a 25% greater output than a traditional tungsten fixture.
An improved lower-end diffusion allows for gentle edge diffusion
The fixture has a tungsten red shift emulation during dimming, allowing it to work and feel just like a standard VL 1000 series fixture
Hybrid liquid / forced air cooling system
It has a 4 blade framing system
CMY color mixing
Continuously variable zoom of 19 – 36 degree and superzoom angle to 70 degrees
The VL 1100 LEDHP is an alternative to a traditional arc source in a moving light head. The unique LED engine delivers high CRI output and a consistent color temperature. The innovative hybrid cooling system creates a strong balance between light output and noise.
Color reproduction consistent with the traditional VL1100 Arc source fixture
Hybrid liquid / forced air cooling system
Superzoom angle to 70 degrees
Continuous variable zoom range from 19 – 36 degrees.
Last year, the VL6000 Beam, was a concept in the demo room. This year, the market-leading mid-air effects fixture took pride of place in the booth, receiving an immense reception. A large 14” front aperture – using a new exclusive Philips ellipsoid reflector array system – produces a retro style searchlight effect, with a high output tight collimated shaft of light at 6.5°, which exceeds 55,000 lumens.
The VL6000 Beam ultimately went on to win PLSN’s “Best New Beam Fixture 2017” award.
When you look for a strobe, you look for power and the JDC1 from GLP delivers power in excess through a versatile and highly creative design, the likes of which has never been seen before. The JDC1 contains a traditional single tube element created with LED’s that produce an incredibly clear, bright white output. This is then combined with a surrounding full face of RGB power, utilizing a large array of complimentary LED sources. The possibilities are endless as these two elements have independent control and can be used as separate pieces or combined for stunning effects. Along with working as a powerful strobe light, both the tube and the full face sections can be run continuously for high output blinder and wash light effects, which never reduce output or have thermal cutouts. To give even more functionality, the RGB face can be divided into 12 separate ‘pixel’ sections, and additionally, the bright white tube also can be divided into 12 sections and then the whole array can be fully pixel mapped through any standard controller.
The JDC1 also features dynamic movement with a 16 bit, 185° tilt range, allowing you to place effects exactly where and when you want them to be – and get the most possible power and impact.
SGM Introduces the new G-Spot Turbo featuring a new LED Cube that is 30% brighter than the standard G-Spot that we already love for its intense additive color saturation and IP65 rating. The new LED cube replaces the tradition green LED with lime allowing for wormer pastels and increased color quality of 85+CRI while maintaining the 2,000 to 10,000 color temperature control. The new LED engine allows the for far greater warm white light output (20,500 lumens) making the unit comparable to the Martin MAC Viper.
SGM has taken the Q-7 and P-7 RGBW LED wash light fixture design to a new level with the release of the Q-10 (60,000 lumens) and P-10 (40,000 lumens) models. This face-melting amount of color saturation puts the light levels in a class by themselves. The dimming engine has also been improved with seamless fades to black and maintained color accuracy throughout the dimming range.
Aria is Blizzard’s new Ellipsoidal with 180w COB, RGBW, and 200w, 3200K, with a 90 CRI. The body and lens tubes are made out of a composite plastic, making the fixture lightweight. Available in 19°, 26°, 36°, and 50°, the lens tubes are also sold separately to be able to create whatever mixture of degrees you wish. The fixture body is also compatible with ETC S4 Lens Tubes. There is an LCD control panel on the back of the fixture for set up. Power in and out is powerCon and DMX in and out is via 3 pin XLR.
Hypno Beam is a relatively new moving head for Blizzard. I sports a 1x60x RGBW 8° LED as the main source and two rings of 60 RGB SMD5050 LEDs. There is individual control of each ring and the Beam source for a myriad of possibilities for effects. There are dozens of built-in effects to get you started. There is also built in auto/sound active programs. Power is supplied in and out via powerCon connectors, while DMX uses 3pin XLR.
Hypno Spot is also relatively new using a 30w white LED, creating a 4.7° spot. There is a 9 color + open color wheel for coloring your effect, and a gobo wheel with 9 gobos + open. It also has two effects rings of 76 RGB SMD5050 LEDs. The main source and the effects rings are controlled separately giving you the maximum control for your effects. Both of there Hypno fixture had a Pan of 540/630° and a tilt of 200°.
Wink is Blizzard’s new Moving Head Beam FX fixture. Sporting a 60w RGBW LED with a 5-45° motorized zoom and a ring of 4 RGB5050 LED segments with pixel control. This incredibly fast has an infinite pan and tilt making it fun to watch it spin around. There are dozens of built-in macros. Power in and out is via powerCon and DMX is 3pin XLR.
IRIS by Blizzard is Blizzards new Video panel. ETL listed the IRIS R3 is appropriate for indoor use only, permanent or rental. Each panel features a 128×128 resolution with a 3-in-1 SMD2121 blackbody for vivid color. There is a 3.9mm pixel pitch with 1200nits of brightness and 1920HZ refresh rate. Power in and out is via powerCon and data via Ethercon.
The panes connect via IRIS’s sophisticated quick lock system, allowing for a curvature of 10° concave and 5° convex maximum. The video panels work with the Novastar® VX4S professional LED display controller, making an external scaler unneeded. Each 250mmx250xx panel weighs less than 17lbs.
Elation had many new offerings at the show. Three fixtures of particular interest were:
The Artiste Picasso™ features a new 600W 8,000K Cool White LED engine with advanced optics delivering over 22,000 total lumens, ultra wide 7° to 53° zoom, full CMY color mixing and linear CTO color correction, 7 dichroic colors, 7 rotating glass and 7 static-stamped metal interchangeable gobos, 4-blade rotating framing shutter system, full 360° bi-directional animation wheel, 8-facet and linear rotating prisms, 2 frost filters, multiple color, framing, prism, and frost macros, motorized iris, focus, and auto-focus, selectable dimming curve modes, high speed electronic shutter and strobe, hibernation mode, DMX, RDM (Remote Device Management), Art-NET, and sACN protocol support, Elation’s E-FLY™ internal wireless DMX transceiver, 5pin XLR, RJ45 etherCON, and powerCON TRUE1 in/out connections, full color 180° reversible menu display with 6 button touch control panel, battery backup for display power, adjustable LED refresh rate and gamma brightness for flicker free operation for TV and FILM, and a multi-voltage universal auto switching power supply (100-240v). This fixture should be available early next year.
The Smarty Hybrid™ is a compact full-featured CMY color mixing spot, beam, and wash hybrid luminaire featuring the all-new Philips™ Platinum Flex 200 lamp with “FLEX” technology which uses a smartly designed discharge lamp/ballast package to produce high output and compact performance at an efficient, long life solution of up to 10,000 hours. Features include motorized zoom ranges of 2° to 20° in beam mode and 3° to 25° in spot mode, a full CMY color mixing system, a frost filter for wash effects, 13 dichroic colors including CTB, CTO, and UV, 8 rotating interchangeable glass and 12 static-stamped metal gobos, a 16 and 8 facet independent rotating prisms, multiple CMY color, gobo, and prism macros, motorized focus and auto-focus, high speed shutter and strobe, lamp hibernation mode, DMX, RDM (Remote Device Management), Art-NET, and sACN protocol support, Elation’s E-FLY™ internal wireless DMX transceiver, 5pin XLR, RJ45 etherCON, and powerCON TRUE1 in/out connections, full color 180° reversible menu display with battery backup, and a multi-voltage universal auto switching power supply (100-240v).
The DARTZ 360™ is a unique, compact, narrow beam luminaire featuring a new patent pending single source 50W RGB LED engine producing an impressive 3° aperture, amazing high output level and smooth color-mixed effects that can be used in a variety of applications requiring no minimum safe project distance as with typical discharge lamp beam fixtures, fast and precise 16-bit continuous 360° pan and tilt rotation, 14 static-stamped metal gobos, 6-facet linear and 8-facet independent rotating prisms, 0-100% linear frost filter for wash effects, high speed electronic shutter and strobe, electronic dimming and variable dimming curve modes, adjustable LED refresh rate and gamma brightness for flicker free operation for TV and Film, DMX, RDM (Remote Device Management), Kling-Net, Art-NET and sACN protocol support, Elation’s E-FLY™ internal wireless DMX transceiver, 5pin XLR, RJ45 etherCON, and powerCON TRUE1 in/out connections, full color 180° reversible menu display with multi-button control panel, battery backup for display power and a multi-voltage universal auto switching power supply (100-240v).
The MEGA POINTE is a game changer for ROBE! Bright, sharp parallel beams, excellent gobo projection, precise movement, smooth CMY color mixing, and dimming, plus a multitude of beam splitting, wash and shaping effects. The fixture uses a 470W Osram lamp that aligns perfectly with the cutting edge optical system. The design provides a brilliant, crystal clear, razor-edged beam, adjustable from a punchy 1.8 out to a wide 42-degree zoom. The newly designed effects engine can product 12 varying beam and “flower” effects. The beam can also be shaped using the innovative shutter emulation.
The PARFECT 150 is a static, zoomable version of the successful LEDBeam 100 and retains all the key features including both CMY & RGBW color control, 18-bit dimming, Tungsten emulation, selectable & variable color temperatures and the powerful punchy beam ranging from 3,8° to 60°.
The compact and lightweight molded composite unit includes a combined hanging bracket/floor stand. Accessories such as barn-doors and the gel frame give ParFect 150 the features required for TV and theatre.
ROBE’s architectural division, ANOLIS, focuses on custom LED solutions for architectural, leisure & entertainment, retail, clubs & bars, and beyond. A large focus is offering outdoor rated lighting. One of the popular fixtures in this line is the Divine series, available in RGBW and UV. The custom options for this architectural line are endless.
Here is a great video by Tim Holub of the show in their booth this year.
Ayrton’s newest product is the GHIBLI, an LED spot luminaire that is equipped with a framing system designed to offer unlimited creative possibilities. Standard features include a CYM color mixing system with a variable CTO and a 6-position color wheel. The framing system allows each frame to be positioned with precision on a 100% surface area in all positions. The effects section includes two wheels with interchangeable HD glass gobos, one with seven rotating and the other with eight fixed gobos, continuous dynamic effects wheel, iris diaphragm, two frost filters, and a 4-facet rotating prism. The fixture has a liquid cooling system using a heat pipe.
The SolaFrame 750 automated luminaire from High End Systems offers many of the effects capabilities of the company’s flagship white light LED products, making it suitable for theaters, houses of worship, nightclubs and other medium-sized venues. Delivering 11,300 lumens, the fixture includes a full framing shutter system, CMY/CTO- linear color mixing, replaceable fixed color wheel systems, rotating gobo wheel plus rotating animation, frost, iris, 6º to 50º zoom, and a three-facet rotating prism. In other fixture news, the SolaFrame Theatre fixture received the 2017 PLSN Gold Star Product Award for Best New Light For Theater.
On the console side, High End showcased the new release of Hog 4 OS v3.7.0 software running on their desks at the show. Hog 4 OS v3.7.0 contains major new features including plot icons, fixture color-coding, plot images, support for additional touchscreens, effects synchronization, MIDI note macros, many smaller enhancements.
High End also held their 2017 HOG Factor National Collegiate Lighting Show Programming Competition at LDI. Of the three finalists, the Long Beach Three from California State University, Long Beach won the competition with their show.
On the Pro line Chauvet has developed a whole array of new lights in pretty much all areas including; Pars, Ellipsoidals, Batten lights, and Movers.
For the Pars, they now offer the “COLORado Solo Series” with the designation of “1”, “2”, and “3”. Each using the equivalent of LED RGBW 60 Watt Chips these fixtures are bright but consistent across the line. They all have motorized zooms on them which is handy when you do not want to get up on a ladder to swap lenses. Depending on the unit you should expect to get between 8 thru 55 degs range. Their faces are completely homogenized so gone are the days of looking at all those different colored LEDs. The best part is that these fixtures are outdoor rated (IP65) which is great if you are using them for events outdoors.
In the Ellipsoidal line they have greatly added to their selection. Most units still use their RGBA-Lime LEDs which give you lots of possibilities for color, but their newer models now boast an output of close to a 750 Watt equivalent HPL lamp! Units can now come with HD lenses designed by Chauvet in 14, 19, 26, 36, and 50 deg options. They were proud to say that their lenses perform as good if not better than anyone’s on the market right now.
The “Ovation B” series fill are new batten fixtures that boast a bunch of groundbreaking features such as an RGBA-Lime color system and the incorporation of RDM, Art-Net™ and sACN plus standard DMX for programming and networking options. A 60 deg holographic filter is included and locks into place so the fixture can be used in any orientation with no worry about the filter sliding out. The units come in a variety of lengths from 1’-6’ long.
Their new moving light line is called “Maverick” and it includes a Spot, Wash, and Hybrid fixtures. Depending on your needs you have a lot of options at your fingertips. Fixtures are powered by either a 440 or 480 watt engine and boast advanced optics, dazzling effects, and stunning output. You can choose from DMX, sACN, Art-Net, or W-DMX for control.
Released a couple of new Moving light fixtures into the market call the Intimidator Beam 140SR and Intimidator Hybrid 140SR. Both units use a 140 watt discharge light engine and are a bright affordable moving light.
The spot fixture uses a motorized frost filter that can convert the tight beam to a wide wash for different applications. Other features include a 16-facet prism that can split the beam for a variety of effect. The unit also sports a non-DMX control that can be used with the option IRC-6 wireless remote.
The Hybrid 140SR is a powerful all-in-one moving head fixture that can seamlessly switch from SPOT to BEAM to WASH in an instant. It can project crisp beams and gobos at almost any distance. With two overlapping independently controlled prisms and dual gobo wheels you can create a variety of beam effects. The motorized zoom works in beam, spot and wash modes for ultimate light control. Control is easy with the full-color display, IRC-6 compatibility, totem mode and onboard memory for storing a scene.
The Philips Entertainment Group booth was brimming with new offerings.
The Philips Showline LEDSPOT 300 is a high-performance moving head luminaire that delivers a powerful output, with fast and quiet movement. The fixed 270w white LED engine delivers exceptional output and the versatile and effective precision optical design makes the SL LEDSPOT 300 an ideal replacement for aging automated luminaires using older discharge sources.
7 slot color wheel
CTO color filter
7 fixed gobos
6 indexing / rotating gobos
Four framing shutter blades
3 Facet round prism
10 – 45° degree zoom
270w White LED Engine 6500°k
Pan 540° / Tilt 260°
Unlike traditional moving luminaires the SL HYDRUS 350 designed for a single purpose, the SL HYDRUS 350 has a hybrid optical design. Beam, Spot and Wash features are all combined in a single luminaire. The SL HYDRUS 350 is a moving luminaire designed for special event, television and concert lighting applications. Powered by the PHILIPS Platinum 17RA Lamp, the luminaire delivers powerful output, strong saturated colors and a comprehensive beam effects system in a compact sized luminaire.
Used as a Beam luminaire: the SL HYDRUS 350 delivers a powerful, crisp pinpoint beam. Combine the fixed gobos and the rotating prism lenses to create striking designs that come to life in larger arenas and auditoriums.
Used as a Wash luminaire: Soften the edge with the frost filter and zoom out to deliver a defined soft even beam that can blend together and create smooth washes over the stage.
Used as a Spot luminaire: Choose the appropriate glass gobo (all designs from the Vari*Lite gobo library), rotate and combine with the animation wheel to produce a myriad of dynamic looks.
Philips Platinum 17R Lamp
10 Slot Fixed color wheel
12 Fixed gobos
8 slot indexable/rotating gobo wheel
Animation wheel with Fire Breakup effect
Four facet linear prism
Eight facet circular prism
Beam Mode: 2 -21 Degrees
Spot Mode: 2-25 Degrees
Wash Mode: 9-37 Degrees
Auto focus mode
The SL STRIP 10 IP is the ideal choice for outdoor entertainment applications, and wet environments. Ten cells of homogenized RGBW LEDs deliver a blended wash of color, emulating the traditional halogen strip light effect, with reduced power consumption, lower heat output, and minimal maintenance.
Control each cell individually for maximum flexibility or in groups for applications requiring simpler control. The SL STRIP 10 IP can be easily configured to suit your design requirements. Choose the appropriate dimming curve, utilize the built-in chase programs, and adjust the beam angle by inserting one of the optional holographic diffuser lenses.
With its rugged construction, internal power supply, and simple operating system, the SL STRIP 10 IP is an ideal replacement for conventional MR-16 strip lights for all outdoor entertainment applications.
Philips Selecon is re-introducing the RAMA Fresnel line with a beautiful LED engine. This Fresnel is sure to find a home in theaters and studios across the country. Available in warm white (3100K) or cool white (5600K) using an 80W Philips Luxeon Lumiled LED the RAMA performs just like its incandescent counterpart.
New to the market this year is the Philips Strand 150S & 300S high-quality soft light. Both boast convection cooling in a slim, lightweight design. Both offer fixed color temperature 3100K & 5600K with high Color Rendering Index (CRI) of 95 CRI and 93 CRI respectively. Both offer AC input via PowerCon connector or 36VDC input for battery operation. Both are offered in Manual or Pole Operation. The only thing you have to decide is whether you need the 2’ x 2’ or the 2’ x 1’ fixture.
Also new to the market this year Philips Strand is the 400F Broadcast Quality 10” Fresnel. The 400F provides the look and feel of a traditional Fresnel with modern technology under the hood. The 400W LED array produces over 18,600 lumens. Five user selectable fan modes and three user selectable dimming curves are available to match legacy equipment. A high CRI is offered in both tungsten 3200K (97 CRI) and daylight 5600K (96 CRI). Look for this new product in showrooms early next year.
Martin by Harmon announced four new products at LDI 2016:
The MAC Axiom Hybridis a new three-in-one fixture that offers Beam, Spot & Wash features in one fixture.
Osram SIRUS HRI 4440w Lamp
CYM Color Mixing
16 slot Color Wheel
2 – 44 degree zoom range
9 Rotating Gobos
16 Static Gobos
3- and 8-facet prisms
VDO Face 5
Driven by the same P3 system controller as all other Martin LED Video Products the VDO Face 5 is the perfect fit for integration in a total video solution. The consistent pixel-to-pixel calibration does not only give superior image quality but also enables panels from different batches and rental companies to be combined quickly and hassle-free.
Bright flicker-free video output
Consistent calibration allowing cross-renting between different batches
Easy setup, mapping and configuration, and easy mix with other Martin LED Video Products
The M1 HDcontinues the tradition of the M1, one of the most heralded lighting consoles on the market. With the full power of a larger desk and the agility of a smaller one, the M1 HD is a state-of-the-art, all-in-one lighting desk solution.
All-in-one solution with integrated processing
Folding capacitive multi-touchscreen with 4 encoders
34 playbacks, 8 encoders for fast user access
With its small footprint and large built-in touchscreen, the M2GO HDanswers the demand for a compact yet more powerful all-in-one lighting console in a cost-effective and portable package.
Complete console with integrated processing in a small footprint
Folding capacitive multi-touchscreen with 4 encoders
In the midst of towering booths, bright lights, and product demos, Robe Lighting transported attendees to a calm European Café to enjoy. The booth then transformed into an incredible lighting presentation featuring their latest innovations.
Headlining the show was the all-new Spiider; a super bright LED WashBeam luminaire, using 18x 30 Watt and 1x 60 Watt LEDs and combining it with a very efficient 12,5:1 zoom optical system ranging from tight 4° Beam to wide 50° Wash.
The Robe Spikie is a small, super-fast LED Wash/Beam, which utilizes a single 60W RGBW light source with a specially designed 110mm wide front lens producing a solid beam. The fixture quickly zooms from a soft wide 28° wash to a tight sharp-edged 4° beam or one of two new stunning air effects. A handful of creative new fixtures were on hand including the Linee linear moving head, DL7 Wash and Profile fixtures as well as the retro 750w Tungsten PATT2013.
Do you have some legacy Par64 cans lurking around your shop you want to add some splash to? Robe showed their Halo system consisting of a circle of encapsulated bright micro-pixel led’s, mounted on a standard size Parcan color frame, Halo can bring the classic fixtures back into the latest lighting designs or be used alone to add many new dimensions and effects.
Controlled via DMX, the operator can quickly and simply program the most sophisticated effects using the internal content generator or switch to display pixel mapped video content.
The system consists of 6 frames of RGB led’s and a 6-way data controller/driver in the familiar colour-scroller truss-hanging format.
The system is interconnected using the industry standard 4pin XLR scroller cables that are already part of most lighting company inventories.
Let’s not forget the big and bold BMFL Family of fixtures including the Parnelli Award Winner for Indispensable Technology-Lighting, the BMFL WashBeam. This powerful new member to BMFL Family comes with extra bright output and an abundance of great features like newly developed framing shutters, super wide front lens and animation wheel.
As always, Blizzard Lighting was keeping things “cool” for their LDI 2016 presentation joining forces once again with the folks from ModTruss to create a truly unique experience! A life-size, working replica of the classic “Rock’ Em, Sock’ Em” Robots was the perfect centerpiece to showcase some creative new products from Blizzard Lighting.
A new product line called Oberon was launched adding Fresnels and Profile fixtures including a 200w, High CRI LED with Motorized Zoom fixture perfect for studio and theatrical applications. A number of new additions to their moving head family were introduced like the 3-in-1 Beam/Spot/Wash 350w CMY Kryo.Mix fixture and Stiletto Beast LED Beam/Wash. New LED solutions were added to their catalog of fixtures like the interlocking dual LED Beam Fixture with Aura Effects called Look and ProPar 17 LED Wash/Beam. Blizzard Lighting also introduced their DMX Measurement Tool called Buddha with its versatile functions and user-friendly 6-button + full-color TFT touch screen display, Buddha is fully equipped to measure, test, and troubleshoot any application with DMX controlled lighting.
Blizzard Lighting also introduced their DMX Measurement Tool called Buddha with its versatile functions and user-friendly 6-button + full-color TFT touch screen display, Buddha is fully equipped to measure, test, and troubleshoot any application with DMX-controlled lighting.
The G-4 Wash is a lightweight and compact high-power Fresnel wash light with superb color mixing and very low power consumption.
Unlike most conventional wash lights, the G-4 Wash comprises red, green, blue, amber and mint LEDs that mix directly in the light source. Additionally, it has a dichroic enhancer that creates a deep blue (Congo blue), delivering a very saturated black light effect.
With a CRI of more than 90 (typically 93), the G-4 Wash delivers the most amazing color rendering of any wash light on the market today. It is not only powerful in colors but also impressive in white.
Equipped with a Fresnel lens, the G-4’s optical system is designed to deliver a staggering output for a fixture with such a small footprint, and equally perfect color mixing with a completely even field with no hotspot.
The durable, IP65-rated exterior of G-4 Wash and the built-in dehumidifier ensure that the fixture is kept free of externally induced impact on internal optics and light source unit, such as smoke fluid, dust and dirt. Therefore, the G-4 Wash is ideal for outdoor applications and is practically maintenance-free.
With an impressive zoom range of 9°-76°, the G-4 Wash enables designers to create tight beams and powerful washes, as well as everything in-between. Because of its unlimited color options and unique color rendering capabilities, the G-4 Wash is highly suitable for multiple applications such as theaters, concerts, cruise ships, exhibitions, architectural installations or any application where high output, stunning colors and dramatic color effects are desired. The G-4 wash can be remotely configured, controlled and monitored via RDM. Built on a foundation of thoroughly tested technology
The G-4 wash can be remotely configured, controlled and monitored via RDM. Built on a foundation of thoroughly tested technology, the G-4 Wash is a robust and highly reliable fixture.
The P-1 is an IP65-rated battery-driven RGBW LED wash/blind/strobe light with a small footprint and high output, designed for multiple applications, including applications where wireless operation is essential.
This portable, lightweight fixture eliminates the hassle of cabling and ensures a quick and easy setup. For a small fixture the P-1 is extremely versatile. Via a patented technology, its standard 10° beam angle and round beam can be manipulated in various ways. Shape the beam and achieve different beam angles with an optional set of three magnetic holographic filter frames (19°, 45°, 63°/12° elliptical plus an empty color frame).
Running for up to 12 hours in standard operation mode, the P-1 can easily be configured to provide an even output over longer periods of time. It offers smooth dimming and color mixing as well as wireless control and configuration. The battery status can be monitored remotely via RDM or via the built-in display. The P-1 also contains SGM’s patented dehumidifier for a practically maintenance-free operation.
Hepikos – is an innovative Clay Paky washlight, which encloses all the most advanced optical, mechanical and electronic technology, characteristic of the most professional moving lights, in its highly compact body. The light is built around a new, extremely bright 700 W Osram lamp, and has a 5-40° zoom which provides a bright, uniform wash effect at maximum beam angle.
The color production system includes a CMY color mixing consisting of three wheels entirely devoted to producing single colors, as well as two color wheels, each with 8 filters carefully selected by Clay Paky’s R&D department on the basis of suggestions received from lighting designers. Strict quality control on incoming materials assures near-zero tolerance rates on variations in the standard colors.
Hepikos is also an advanced multi-purpose light: thanks to its 185 mm diameter plano-convex front lens and its narrow 5° beam angle, it can produce a sharp, full-bodied beam, which may be used for striking aerial effects with saturated colors.
Some devices have been specially designed for this product: a mechanical iris, which is able to alter the beam diameter in beam mode as desired to create columns of light of different sizes, right down to a pencil beam;
A four-faced interchangeable rotating prism which modulates the visual effects by breaking the light up into several dynamic projections;
A soft-edge frost filter which makes the edge of the projected light less sharp and produces the wash effect typical of a washlight with Fresnel lens.
Hepikos is ultimately a hybrid beam/wash light, where both functions are optimized, rather than one weakening the other. It is perfect for complementing the beam/spot effects produced by the Mythos, with which it shares the same chassis and the same 7800K lamp color temperature.
SCENIUS UN1CO is the latest addition to the Scenius family, therefore its first highly appealing feature is the quality of its light (1400W Osram lamp, 6500K, high CRI). It is a magnificent SPOT LIGHT for projecting effects, with six rotating gobos, a rotating prism a beautiful animation wheel, and it is equipped with the most sophisticated and most precise FRAMING SYSTEM on the market today. The Scenius Unico is also an excellent WASH LIGHT, since it features a system with different diffusion filters, which may be inserted gradually. However the most amazing feature is that the Scenius Unico can also generate a Powerful NARROW BEAM of super concentrated light, with a minimum beam angle of only 5 degrees. SCENIUS UN1CO is a Powerful, Multifunctional luminaire combining top quality light and incredible versatility of use.
Morpheus the exclusive US distributor of Ayrton products revved up their digital lighting portfolio with number of additions.
MAGICPANEL-FX is an exciting new multi-function luminaire with a front face comprised of a 5×5 array of squared lenses designed to create 2D and 3D effects. A 15:1 optical zoom system with no visible external moving parts creates variable beam angles from 3.5° to 52°. These zoom optics are capable of projecting everything from tight shafts of light to a wide wash, and produce a solid beam of light that “squares off” as it separates into a stunning patchwork of colors. This flexible unit can be used for pixel mapping, as a powerful special effects projector, and as a wash light.
MAGICBURST Ayrton’s spinning 240,000 lumen strobe is the industry’s first high-power graphic LED strobe with continuous, unlimited rotation on both pan and tilt axes. The 15”x15” face supports 3,840 high-output white LEDs grouped into 64 pixels in an 8 x 8 matrix. The strobe duration, speed and intensity of each 60-LED pixel can be individually controlled to create brilliant and breathtaking stroboscopic effects and graphic arrays. A library of fixed images and pre-programmed dynamic effects are accessible from fixture memory. With a new, state-of-the-art ultra-compact, 1,300-watt power supply, MagicBurst delivers peak light output of over 240,000 lumens – perfectly calibrated at 5600K – for a duration of several seconds.
MAGICDOT-XT is a larger version of the award-winning MAGICDOT-R, which scales the beam diameter up and narrows it down. The fixture is equipped with Ayrton’s new, proprietary 5″ diameter optic that projects an impressive 2º beam with a center-beam intensity of 580,000 candelas.
MAGICDOT-SX is an optically evolved, multipurpose variant of the highly acclaimed MAGICDOT-R with the same form factor and dimensions, featuring ultra-fast beam movement and continuous unlimited rotation on pan and tilt. The fixture is equipped with a revolutionary new 8:1 optical zoom that has a fixed transmitting lens, no visible moving parts and a range of 5° to 40°. The short-stroke of the MAGICDOT-SX zoom system allows the fixture to switch from intense beam mode to sweeping wash mode virtually instantaneously.
The GT-1 from GLP is a true hybrid fixture incorporating an optical design that doesn’t require different ‘modes’ to activate Spot, Beam, and Wash characteristics, so all feature functionality is available at any time. The GT-1 uses a high powered 470 Watt discharge lamp and features an impressive 22:1 ratio zoom range from 2.5° to 55°. Other features include wireless DMX control, full 16-bit pan and tilt movement, full range dimming and shuttering capability, an installed battery for fixture setup, auto-sensing power supply all weighing in at only 55 lbs
As a spot, the GT-1 offers a wide range of effects, including CMY color mixing, eight rotating gobos, 14 fixed pattern gobos, additional beam reduction gobos, and a variable speed animation wheel that can be repositioned within the beam, three different rotating prisms, and a fixed color wheel with CTO/CTB filters.
Looking for a beam? the GT-1 produces a parallel beam of light at 2.5° through its large 145mm diameter front lens, which remains bright and consistent over long distances. For a wash, the GT-1 produces a soft edged beam from a variable filter that can be inserted into the beam to give the desired level of wash that you wish.
LDI saw the release of the upgraded 30 Watt version of their popular X4 atom fixture. Adding a new high power 30WRGBW LED source into the unit has doubled its brightness, and created greater optical efficiencies. The unit offers a 9 to 1 ratio zoom that goes from a wide 34° wash down to a tight 3.5° beam for pinpoint accuracy and great mid-air effects.
When a single X4 atom just isn’t enough, a fast interlock system allows fixtures to easily be coupled together. The standard yoke is removed for quick assembly of pairs, quads, lines and grids of fixtures in any configuration that you need. The X4 atom runs from an external power supply, with a 6-way and a 12-way option available that feeds fixtures via an industry standard 4-pin XLR cable.
DTS’ stand was at LDI with their new LED bar KATANA, and the moving heads CORE and NRG 1401.
KATANA introduces a brand new type of light beam: the dynamic ‘blade’ projection. Thanks to a custom 3.5° – 30° linear zoom, KATANA is capable of projecting an extra-bright blade of light that cuts through any show. Single pixel control lets you obtain stunning dynamic multicolor effects. And a super-fast motorized tilt adds a dynamic impact to your lighting performance.
NICK NRG range is a high-performance LED wash moving head. Extreme brightness, single pixel control, and 4° to 52° zoom range make this fixture perfect for a wide range of applications, either as a beam light with multi-color rays, or as a wash light with a very wide projection that comes in three sizes.
CORE is a powerful and compact discharge moving head. SPOT and BEAM all in one with the fastest effects ever seen. CORE is versatile: thanks to its 440 W HRI LAMP (24,000 Lumens), CORE is perfect in a range of applications, from TV studios to live concerts. All this in only 22 kg. http://dts-lighting.it
Elation showed a number of their new moving lights and static LED fixtures, most notably they debuted a pair of moving lights that are rated for outdoor use, the Proteus Beam and Hybrid. These are two moving lights that will work together well in any outdoor environment with their IP65 rating.
Platinum 1200 Wash
– Output equivalent to 1500W discharge sources.
– An extremely bright LED color wash moving head luminaire with (19) 65W Osram™ multi-chip RGBW LEDs
– 5° to 50° motorized zoom
– 8-bit and 16-bit color mixing along with adjustable linear color temperature (2,700K – 8,000K)
– Adjustable GAMMA brightness and LED refresh rates
– A patent pending high power 7 color wash luminaire, featuring (19) 25W multi-chip LEDs including Red, Green, Blue, White, Amber, Cyan, and UV
– 5° to 50° motorized zoom
– Features a silent mode which reduces fan noise by over 25% decibels
– Utilizes (3) pixel ring control, color-pixel zone and color preset macro effects along with CRI presets (85, 90, 95) and linear color temperature presets (2,700 – 8,000K)
– Adjustable GAMMA brightness and LED refresh rates
– A brilliant compact beam moving effect luminaire with (3) 60W Osram™ RGBW LEDs
– 5° to 50° motorized zoom as well as fast and precise 16-bit continuous full 360° pan and tilt rotation
– Utilizes pixel control and adjustable color temperature (2,700K – 8,000K)
– Features a new 440W LED Cool White LED engine delivering a total of 20,000 lumens
– 11° to 38° zoom with full CMY color mixing and CTO as well as 7 dichroic colors
– 6 rotating glass and 7 static-stamped metal interchangeable gobos
– 4-blade framing shutter system and 3-facet rotating prism along with frost filter and motorized iris and focus
Fuze Wash Z120 and Z350
– Single source par moving head wash luminaire featuring a 120W and 350W Quad Color RGBW COB LED
– 12° to 53° motorized zoom on the 350W unit and a tighter 7° to 55° motorized zoom on the 120W unit
– Both units also have an optional snoot accessory
Fuze Par Z60 IP and Z120 IP
– Single source silent operating par luminaire featuring a 60W and 120W Quad Color RGBW COB LED
– 7° to 39° motorized zoom on the 60W unit and a wider 7° to 55° motorized zoom on the 120W unit
– Both of these units also include a barn door accessory
Quad & Hex further expand on the Uno and Shapeshifter technology by combining the two! The quad uses 4 Uno LED engines (RGBW) to create aerial effects. All 4 cells offer the ability to be individually controlled as well as X,Y controls of each cell. The Hex also uses the LED engines from the Uno but has six mounted in a linear fashion. Both units contain and Indigo Backlighter, while the Hex has a zoom range of 3.5 Degrees to 40 Degrees the Hex is 3.5 degrees to 70 degrees. Also on the floor was new software for the Hog lineup that allows integration with Lightware allowing for communications between both product lines, making for simpler setup of AV and lighting integration.
Taking center stage on ADJ’s 2016 LDI booth was the new Vizi BSW 300, an incredibly potent LED-powered hybrid moving head fixture that generates beam, spot and wash effects all from a single fixture. Offering incredible output, thanks to its immense 300W LED engine, the unit boasts a host of advanced features including two 6-facet prisms (one circular and one linear), two GOBO wheels (one with replaceable rotating GOBOs and the other with fixed static patterns) and two indexed color wheels.
Following the phenomenal success of ADJ’s first LED video panel, the AV6 – which made such a product affordable for many venues and smaller production companies for the very first time – ADJ will use LDI to launch a brand new video product, the AV3. Offering a denser pixel pitch of 3.91mm (compared to 6mm on the AV6), this new LED video panel inherits many of the popular traits of the AV6 but allows a shorter effective viewing distance. Offering impressive brightness of 1000 NITs and a wide viewing angle of 120-degrees, both horizontally and vertically, the AV3 is sure to prove popular for both fixed and temporary installations